Unified Auditing policies can slow down the upgrade

Unified Auditing policies can slow down the upgradeI posted several blog posts about Unified Auditing in the past. And recently a large customer in the UK alerted me about their upgrades with PDBs from 12.1 to 12.2 taking much longer when Unified Auditing policies were enabled. It looks like as if Unified Auditing policies can slow down the upgrade.

We did some further investigations. See the results below.

Unified Auditing

You find a good number of blog posts explaining how to migrate to Unified Auditing, the performance tweaks in Oracle and some other things:

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Unified Auditing – is it ON or OFF in Oracle Database

Just a quick update to my blog post from September 2014:

Any changes in Oracle Database

Yes. Significant changes happen to Unified Auditing in Oracle Database Mostly internally as the mechanism used to dump the audit records in Oracle 12.1.0.x when Unified Auditing was on turned out to be very good for write performance, but not so good when you tried to read data. See my blog post from a few weeks ago how to deal with this performance implication and a potential patch:

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Unified Auditing – Performance Improvements in Oracle

Unified Auditing got introduced in Oracle Database 12.1.

Unified Auditing - Performance Improvements in Oracle 12.1The downsides of the “old” auditing facilities became obvious when too many users had activities or transactions at the same time leading to audit records being written into AUD$. Contention was a typical issue. The same thing happened when too many users tried to login at the same time. Furthermore protecting the auditing information required Database Vault as there was no default protection available.

This – and some other things – should be remedied by Unified Auditing which is available since Oracle Database 12c. It gets enabled in sort of a “mixed …

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How to migrate to Unified Auditing?


What is Unified Auditing and is it on by default?

Unified Auditing is the new auditing facility since Oracle Database 12c. But the “old” auditing is still working. And there are a few things to mention if you’d like to make the right choice. I have written some things about it a while ago but as I discovered yesterday my previous blog post (https://blogs.oracle.com/UPGRADE/entry/unified_auditing_is_it_on)  doesn’t satisfy all my needs.

The initial motivation to move towards the new Unified Audit trail is audit performance. The audit records will be written into the read-only table AUDSYS in SYSAUX tablespace. …

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