CDB

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Migration with Data Pump

You may have realized that there are a few techniques missing describing how to do a Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Migration with Data Pump is one of them. I will explain the most simple approach of going to Single- or Multitenant. It isn’t the coolest – and it isn’t very fast as soon as your database has a significant size. But it is not complex. And it allows you to move even from very old versions directly into an Oracle 19c PDB – regardless of patch levels or source and destination platform.

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Migration with Data Pump

High Level Overview

Endianness change
[ Read more ]

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – The Minimal Downtime Challenge

There are several pitfalls when you plugin a non-CDB into a CDB environment. I’d like to highlight some of them – and show you potential workarounds as well. This is part of a series of blog posts to make your migration from non-CDB to PDB a bit smoother.

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – The Minimal Downtime Challenge

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – The Minimal Downtime Challenge

When we start to look at a migration from non-CDB to PDB for an important system, regardless of migrating on-prem or to the cloud, reducing the downtime is very important. In this blog post I’d like to highlight the different aspects … [ Read more ]

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – The Fallback Challenge

There are several pitfalls when you plugin a non-CDB into a CDB environment. I’d like to highlight some of them – and show you potential workarounds as well. This is part of a series of blog posts to make your migration from non-CDB to PDB a bit smoother.

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB - The Fallback Challenge

Photo by Sebastian Grochowicz on Unsplash

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – The Fallback Challenge

As I work with customers on upgrades and migrations for a very long time, I know how important a proper fallback is.

When you attempt a migration from a non-CDB to PDB, you need to plan … [ Read more ]

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Various Pitfalls

There are several pitfalls when you plugin a non-CDB into a CDB environment. I’d like to highlight some of them – and show you potential workarounds as well. This is part of a series of blog posts to make your migration from non-CDB to PDB a bit smoother.

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB - Various Pitfalls

Photo by timJ on Unsplash

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Various Pitfalls

In all the previous blog posts of this series I tried to explain specific pitfalls, and how you can workaround them. This article is meant to collect the “leftovers”, the minor issues and pitfalls which you may not … [ Read more ]

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – The Patch Level Pitfall

There are several pitfalls when you plugin a non-CDB into a CDB environment. I’d like to highlight some of them – and show you potential workarounds as well. This is part of a series of blog posts to make your migration from non-CDB to PDB a bit smoother.

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB - The Patch Level Pitfall

Photo by Piron Guillaume on Unsplash

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – The Patch Level Pitfall

When you consolidate on a larger scale, it is very likely that you have different patch levels in your database environments. But when you attempt to plugin a non-CDB into a CDB, you may see … [ Read more ]

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – The Component Pitfall

There are several pitfalls when you plugin a non-CDB into a CDB environment. I’d like to highlight some of them – and show you potential workarounds as well. This is part of a series of blog posts to make your migration from non-CDB to PDB a bit smoother.

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB - The Component Pitfall

Photo by Brett Jordan on Unsplash

The Component Pitfall

With component we mean the database component which you can find in DBA_REGISTRY – or CDB_REGISTRY. When Multitenant became available over 5 years ago, a decision had been made to make all options/components mandatory in a container database. This decision had to … [ Read more ]

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – The Time Zone Pitfall

There are several pitfalls when you plugin a non-CDB into a CDB environment. I’d like to highlight some of them – and show you potential workarounds as well. This is part of a series of blog posts to make your migration from non-CDB to PDB a bit smoother.

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB - The Time Zone Pitfall

Photo by Allef Vinicius on Unsplash

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – The Time Zone Pitfall

Interestingly, there is no issue with different time zone settings within a single CDB. Your CDB$ROOT can be on DST V.32 whereas a PDB you plugin can be already on DST V.33. But only [ Read more ]

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – The COMPATIBLE pitfall

There are several pitfalls when you plugin a non-CDB into a CDB environment. I’d like to highlight some of them – and show you potential workarounds as well. This is part of a series of blog posts to make your migration from non-CDB to PDB a bit smoother.

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB - The COMPATIBLE pitfall

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – The COMPATIBLE pitfall

When you migrate your non-CDB to PDB, in most cases the COMPATIBLE setting of the non-CDB will be lower than the setting of the receiving CDB. But still in this case you may see warnings. I will explain how to deal with … [ Read more ]

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Typical Plugin Issues and Workarounds

In the previous blog posts I showed different approaches on how to migrate your database on a same Endianness platform into Multitenant. Whether you prefer to upgrade first or plugin first is up to you. I recommend upgrading first as this allows you a seamless fallback. But regardless of which approach you prefer, you may take care on potential pitfalls. Hence, this blog post is about Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Typical Plugin Issues and Workarounds. It may not be complete when I publish it and I may extend it later on. Let me know if you have … [ Read more ]

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Clone via NON$CDB, upgrade, convert

The third option for plugging in a non-CDB is called Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Clone via NON$CDB, upgrade, convert. As I showed already in this blog post a while ago, your source must be at least an Oracle 12.1 database. And this technique can be used also only for same-Endianness migrations but does not apply if you’d like to migrate from Big to Little Endian. If your source database matches already the receiving CDB, no upgrade is necessary.

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Clone via NON$CDB, upgrade, convert

Photo by Samuel Chan on Unsplash

High Level Overview

Endianness change possible:
No
Source database versions: Oracle 12.1.0.2
[ Read more ]

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Plug in, upgrade, convert

This is my next blog post about Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Plug in, upgrade, convert. But what is different from the previous one? And why is it necessary? Since Oracle Database 12.2.0.1 you can plugin a non-CDB at first, the upgrade and convert it. And I’ll show you this technique here.

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Plug in, upgrade, convert

Photo by Dan Freeman on Unsplash

High Level Overview

Endianness change possible: No
Source database versions: Oracle 12.2.0.1 or newer (or 12.1.0.2 when CDB has shared UNDO)
Characteristic: Plugin into CDB first
Upgrade necessary: Yes, after plugin
Downtime: Plugin, copy (optional), upgrade and noncdb_to_pdb.sql
Minimal
[ Read more ]

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Upgrade, plug in, convert

As first blog post of this series about Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Upgrade, plug in, convert I will explain the most straight forward approach of going to Single- or Multitenant. But you have other options as well. which I’ll showcase in the other blog posts. I demonstrated this technique on the blog already a while ago. But since Oracle 12.2.0.1, there are a few other options available.

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB - Upgrade, plug in, convert

High Level Overview

Endianness change possible: No
Source database versions: Oracle 11.2.0.4 or newer
Characteristic: Upgrade non-CDB first
Upgrade necessary: Yes, before plugin
Downtime:
Upgrade, plugin, copy (optional) and
[ Read more ]

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Overview

Today I’ll start a blog post series of several “how to” articles about database migration from non-CDB to PDB – Overiew. You’ll find a quick introduction below. And of course, the links to all the other related blog posts.

Database Migration from non-CDB to PDB – Overview

When you plan to move from non-CDB, the Oracle term for regular database deployments, to a Pluggable Database (PDB), you will migrate your database. It will become a PDB and run as part of a Container Database (CDB). This is a well known concept for several years now called Oracle Multitenant. If you … [ Read more ]

Transportable Tablespace PDB Migration and Local Undo

Transportable Tablespace PDB Migration and Local Undo

Photo by Steve Johnson on Unsplash

Sometimes it is necessary to warn you about known pitfalls to avoid frustration. In this particular case I decided not to blog about it simply because I thought this won’t happen to too many other people. Well, yesterday my good friend Philippe Fierens dropped me a message about an issue he ran into with a Transportable Tablespace PDB Migration and Local Undo. And I immediately knew what caused him trouble – and I regret that I didn’t blog about it (sorry Philippe!). We’ve seen the same problem with a large ExaCC migration project … [ Read more ]

Lost AWR snapshots reappear again in Oracle 12.2 in Multitenant

Lost AWR snapshots reappear again in Oracle 12.2 in MultitenantWhat a strange topic. And I thought I never will blog about this. But as I have received the same question for the third time today, I think there’s a bit clarification needed. Lost AWR snapshots reappear in Oracle 12.2 in Multitenant pluggable databases.

Magically …

Lost AWR snapshots reappear again in Oracle 12.2 in Multitenant

In a non-CDB database you have your local AWR data stored in the SYSAUX tablespace. Whenever you create an AWR snapshot:

exec dbms_workload_repository.create_snapshot;

You can query and of course evaluate it afterwards:

select con_id, snap_id, snap_level, to_char(begin_interval_time, 'dd/mm/yy hh24:mi:ss') BEGIN
from CDB_HIST_SNAPSHOT order by 
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ORA-44787 – Don’t mess with the Default Oracle Service

ORA-44787 - Don't mess with the Default Oracle ServiceAt the moment I work with one of our reference customers, Swiss Mobiliar Insurance, on their Multitenant upgrade to Oracle Database 12.2.0.1. And we encountered an “interesting” issue. After upgrade we received an ORA-44787 making it impossible to switch between containers with “alter session set container=pdb1;” commands. Lesson learned now: If you don’t want ORA-44787 – Don’t mess with the Default Oracle Service.

What has happened?

Very simple case. We approach a database upgrade with a Multitenant deployment of over 90 PDBs. Source database version is Oracle Database 12.1.0.2.BP170117, destination version is Oracle Database 12.2.0.1.RU170718. … [ Read more ]

Oracle Label Security (OLS) Clean Up in Oracle Database 11.2-12.2

Oracle Label Security (OLS) Clean Up in Oracle Database 11.2-12.2Oracle Label Security (OLS) clean up in Oracle Database 11.2-12.2 is almost as simple and straight forward as removing OWM or APEX. You can do it online without downtime. But in older releases a relink operation did cause downtime. Oracle Label Security is an extra cost option. More information is available on oracle.com.

Oracle Label Security (OLS) Clean Up in Oracle Database 11.2-12.2

Oracle Label Security (OLS) Clean Up in Oracle Database 11.2-12.2Oracle Label Security is dependent on Oracle Database Vault (DV). In case DV is present you must remove it first if you plan to remove Oracle Label Security.

Before you start removing anything from … [ Read more ]

noncdb_to_pdb.sql – why does it take so long?

What is noncdb_to_pdb.sql?

noncdb_to_pdb.sql - Why does it take so long?The script noncdb_to_pdb.sql gets run only once in the life span of your database. It gets executed when a regular Oracle database (non-CDB) gets move to become part of a Single-/Multitenant deployment as a pluggable database (PDB). But why does it take so long?

You will never run this script again for this database. The script is a sanity script to clean up and change things in a non-CDB, and unite it finally and irreversible with the CDB.

How long does it take to complete?

Runtime varies a lot. It depends mainly on the number of objects … [ Read more ]

Upgrade Everything at Once – Multitenant Upgrade from Oracle 12.1 to 12.2

I did blog about this topic a while back.

Theory is nice but it’s a big difference when you do it the first time with a non-lab deployment at a customer with a real Multitenant database with almost 100 PDBs.Then you learn that neither the documentation nor my previous blog post contain all the necessary steps.

My test setup

I have a simple deployment of just 5 PDBs. But it will showcase with my limited compute capabilities how the process should work.

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME			  OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- 
[ Read more ]

Hands-On Lab available: Upgrade to Oracle Database 12.2.0.1

Thanks to Roy – our Hands-On Lab “Upgrade, Migrate and Consolidate to Oracle Database 12.2” is now available for download from OTN.

Instructions and technical requirements are clearly documented on the OTN page as well. The lab is based on Virtual Box and can be easily imported upon download and unzip.

You can always access the lab via the blog’s top menu as well:

HOL Link on the Upgrade Blog

Hands-On Lab – Access via the Blog

Inside the lab you’ll find :

  • UPGR – an Oracle 11.2.0.4
[ Read more ]

Non-CDB architecture still exists in Oracle Database 12.2.

I received a question whether the Non-CDB architecture still exists in Oracle Database 12.2.from 3 different colleagues in the past week:

“Does Oracle Database 12.2 still allow us to create non-CDB databases?”

And as I get this question at every customer-facing workshop these days as well before being able to talk about Single/Multitenant – I think it is important to clarify it. The statement is misleading. And I can’t blame anybody about misreading it.

Is the non-CDB architecture still available/supported in Oracle Database 12.2?

I did blog about it a while ago – but Google is not always your … [ Read more ]

Upgrade to Oracle Database 12.2 – New MOS Notes

Some very helpful MOS Notes got published regarding the upgrade to Oracle Database 12.2.0.1:

Furthermore check regularly for Known Issues and Alerts – currently the note has no content but exists already:

Cheers
–Mike

Share this:
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DBMS_QOPATCH does not work in PDBs (right now)

Thanks to Murthy who commented on this blog post and Jeannette Holland (SimCorp) who opened an SR resulting in an ER.

DBMS_QOPATCH in Multitenant

DBMS_QOPATCH will deliver useful information about installed patches only when executed within the CDB$ROOT. It has been designed this way for security reasons in Oracle Database 12.1 but I can easily see a need to check for installed patches within a PDB as well.

Testcase

I “borrowed” this test case from Jeannette’s SR:

SQL> COLUMN NAME FORMAT A8

SQL> SELECT NAME, CON_ID, DBID, CON_UID, GUID FROM V$CONTAINERS ORDER BY CON_ID;

 NAME     CON_ID DBID       CON_UID    GUID
 -------- 
[ Read more ]

Create Container Databases (CDB) with less options – it’s now supported in Oracle 12.1.0.2

When Oracle Multitenant was launched Roy and I amongst many other people always mentioned that the requirement of having all options in a Container Database (CDB$ROOT), and therefore also for the PDB$SEED with the immediate result that all PDBs provisioned from the PDB$SEED will have all options as well, will hinder customer adoption significantly. But this has been changed now. You can create Container Databases (CDB) with less options – it’s now supported in Oracle 12.1.0.2.

Create Container Databases (CDB) with less options – it’s now supported in Oracle 12.1.0.2

Almost all customers I have talked to in the … [ Read more ]