The other day I received a question from a colleague about the risk of having GI and database both not being on the same RU. And a long while ago I blogged about it. We recommend that you keep it in synch. But you don’t have to. At the same time I received a wish from Ernst Leber to post something on the blog he and his colleague had trouble with when upgrading to 19c in a RAC environment. AutoUpgrade hung. But he titled his email with “not an AutoUpgrade problem!”. Still I agree, it is worth to write …Continue reading...
ASM / RAC / GI
This is the right blog post for a Friday 13th. And please forgive me – I wanted to put this on the blog earlier as two of my customers hit this weeks ago already. But it must have fallen through the cracks. Still, now it is hopefully not too late to tell you what you should do if you hit ORA-29702 – and your instance does not startup in the cluster anymore. Especially when you tested a database upgrade – and after a restore, the database doesn’t want to start, no matter what you try.… Continue reading...
This will be a very short blog post today. But a colleague asked me this question just a few minutes ago: Which database version can be used with Grid Infrastructure 19c? And I realized that I neither put it on the blog yet nor did I bookmark it. But I answered this question several times already.
Which database version can be used with Grid Infrastructure 19c?
There are 4 sources I did check:
- MOS Notes on MyOracle Support
- Oracle Documentation
- Certification Information on MyOracle Support
- Database Upgrade Blog
At first, I answered with MOS …Continue reading...
Where do I start? One of the customer accounts I worked the longest time with recently upgraded to Oracle 19c on Exadata. They are an Exadata customer since 2009. After going live on 19c, a few days later they hit an MGA Issue – and it is fixed with Oracle 19.8.0 and newer. But question no.1 was: Why hasn’t Oracle warned us – and how could we have learned about it?
What is the MGA?
OK, I have heard of SGA and PGA. But MGA? The first two hits when I search with …Continue reading...
A long while ago I blogged about whether you should keep your patch versions between Grid Infrastructure and Databases Homes in synch, or not. And today, Daniel dropped me a note mentioning that this old blog post may need an update for 18c/19c. He’s right. And as I’ve had trouble finding my old blog post, I title this one a bit more obvious: Does your GI RU/RUR patch level has to match your database’s?
Before Oracle Database 18c
Since Oracle 18c we move from a 5-number release schema to a 3-number one. …Continue reading...
Thanks to all our customers who participated in our evaluation test for RAC upgrade support with the AutoUpgrade Tool. And my colleagues worked hard to deliver the new version as quickly as possible. Just to make sure: This is not an April’s fools blog post. Since 2 days, you can download AutoUpgrade – New Version with RAC Database Upgrade Support.
Where to download it?
As usual, you can download the newest version – in this case 19.8 aka 20200327 from MOS Note: 2485457.1:
You simply copy the new version into your 19c (or …Continue reading...
From time to time, when I discuss OJVM patching with customers, I hear the following question: Do you need to apply OJVM patches to Grid Infrastructure? I’m carrying around this topic since months actually.
A quick MOS check
Well, you’d assume this is something MOS does give you an answer within fractions of a second. But nope. I found a lot but unfortunately not what I was looking for. What I found instead where community discussions where applying OJVM patches to a 22.214.171.124 GI installation corrupted the inventory. Hence, there seems to be some …Continue reading...
Thanks to my colleague Sebastian Alasino who works in the MAA team out of the UK. Sebas highlighted this issue to. And I’d like to share it with you when you attempt to upgrade Grid Infrastructure to Oracle 19c. If you have the Docker RPM installed and you were lazy on patching, then GI Patch 28553832 may be needed before you upgrade to 19c.
What is the issue?
If the Docker Engine RPM is installed and your GI version is 126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52 or 18c below a certain patch level, the CSSD demon fails to …Continue reading...
This blog lives a lot from customer’s feedback and updates. And these days, Nicolas Jardot from dbi-services in Switzerland sent me an email asking: Where does the database link SYS_HUB come from? And if he can delete it or if it has any deeper purpose. Neither Google nor MOS reveal a lot of useful information
Where does the database link SYS_HUB come from?
I took my vanilla 18.3.0 database in our hands-on lab and check:
column owner format a5 column db_link format a12 column username format a12 column host format a12 select con_id, owner, db_link, username, host from cdb_db_links; CON_ID… Continue reading...
Interesting things happen. And I learned (credits to Arun Gupta and others) that there is a change in Oracle Database 12.2 environments I wasn’t aware: The DBCA 12.2 does not update
/etc/oratab in GI / RAC environments. Let me give you some extra information and hints on this topic as it may cause some strange situations.
DBCA 12.2 does not update /etc/oratab in GI / RAC
Arun Gupta commented on the blog:
… Continue reading...
Another case in point. DBCA fails to update the /etc/oratab file in 12.2 when a database is created. There is no documentation of this behavior. So, I opened
I did blog in the past already about the Grid Infrastructure Management Repository Database (GIMR DB):
SID and DBNAME are kept the same in Oracle Database 12.2. But there are a few changes and additions in Oracle Database 184.108.40.206.
GIMR DB in its own Disk Group
During a fresh installation of Oracle Grid Infrastructure 220.127.116.11 you’ll have the chance to create a disk group for GIMR DB:
But you can migrate GIMR DB into a separate disk …Continue reading...
I’ve had some interesting discussions with Anil Nair, our RAC Product Manager and a customer in the past days. The customer was looking for a definite statement that they can have a higher version of Patch Set Updates (PSUs) or Proactive Bundle Patches (BPs) in the Database homes than in the Grid Infrastructure home managing the resources.
For Oracle Database 18c, 19c and onward, please read instead:
Can you have different PSU/BP versions between Database and GI homes?
Yes, you can have a higher version PSU …Continue reading...
I have blogged about the Grid Infrastructure Management Repository (GIMR) a while back:
And Markus Michalewicz, our Director of Product Management, Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC), has published a very interesting and helpful insight article about GIMR on July 30, 2015. Read it here:
Since Oracle Database 18.104.22.168 the GIMR database will be created by default – and it is a single tenant database having a CDB$ROOT and one active PDB.
Recently the question came up if – in the likely event of applying a PSU …Continue reading...
Last week at the upgrade workshop in Budapest a customer had a interesting and – I believe – not uncommon question.
“How can I upgrade my Linux Operating System in my RAC environment without taking the entire cluster down?”
In this specific case the customer wanted to upgrade from RHEL 5.10 to RHEL6 or RHEL7.
Let’s assume it’s the typical 2-node-RAC where one wants to upgrade in a rolling fashion. And the data is stored within ASM.
- Drain Node 1 (i.e. take the workload off) – this will be the node getting upgraded first
- Remove Node 1 from the cluster
Germans are not only known for being precise and timely – but sometimes also for being too direct. Well, Roy could tell you stories … and I always honor his politeness 🙂
Enough about stereotypes. I work with a customer at the moment on their 12c upgrades. And I did recommend the most recent PSU (Patch Set Updates) for their Grid Infrastructure environments running Oracle Restart. Same of course for the database homes but this blog post will just name some findings I’ve had the other night when trying to apply the January 2015 GI PSU to my …Continue reading...
During the installation of Oracle Grid Infrastructure 22.214.171.124 you’ve had the an option to choose YES/NO to install the Grid Infrastructure Management Repository (GIMR) database MGMTDB – but as of Oracle 126.96.36.199 Grid Infrastructure Management Repository (GIMR) database now mandatory in Oracle GI 188.8.131.52:
GIMR database now mandatory in Oracle GI 184.108.40.206
With Oracle Grid Infrastructure 220.127.116.11 this choice has become obsolete and the above screen does not appear anymore. The GIMR database has become mandatory.
What do we stored in the GIMR?
- You’ll find it in the Oracle 18.104.22.168 documentation via this link.
In addition please see the …Continue reading...
Just received this question from a colleague these days:
“The current customer environment is 10.2.0.5 on Linux with a 2 node RAC cluster having OCR and Voting Disks on RAW devices. Customer is concerned about the possibility of upgrading to 11gR2 Grid infrastructure first before they could upgrade to 12c Grid
Now the answer is written down in MOS Note 1572925.1:
How to Upgrade to 12c Grid Infrastructure if OCR or Voting File is on Raw/Block Devices
Basically the MOS Note says:
You will have to relocate your OCR/Voting to a supported device BEFORE you can upgrade …
First of all, I’m back after pausing for a while – sorry for not updating the blog in the past weeks … and you won’t see many updates in the following weeks as it’ll be holiday season (and we Germans have sooooo many public holidays) 🙂
Anyway, back to tech topics. Today I want to test Oracle Restart upgrades. Oracle Restart internally is called SIHA (Single Instance High Availability) which explains the topic a bit more. Basically it means having your database reside in ASM and let Oracle Clusterware take care on it, even though you don’t have a cluster. …Continue reading...