I know that Oracle Database 18c is available in the Oracle Cloud and on Exadata engineered systems only right now. But actually I’ve had conversations with some customers who downloaded Oracle 18c on-prem software for Exadata and installed it on their systems. Therefore it may be useful to talk about Oracle Database 18c – Some important changes.
Oracle Database 18c – Some important changes
I will highlight some important changes but of course won’t cover all of them here.
You may recognize the first change after downloading the image: The installation and configuration of Oracle Database software is simplified with image-based installation. You’ll extract a zip file (db_home.zip) into the directory where you’d like your Oracle installation to be located in – and then call the
runInstaller. Be aware: it sits now directly in the $ORACLE_HOME, not in the $ORACLE_HOME/oui subdirectory:
cd $ORACLE_HOME ./runInstaller
runInstaller is a script in this case. The name is kept for persistence.
Furthermore there are two other new features:
- RPM based installation in Oracle 18c
It performs preinstall checks, extracts the database software, reassigns ownership to the preconfigured user and groups, maintains the inventory, and executes all root operations required. Works for a single-instance and client software.
- Read-Only Oracle Home in Oracle 18c
In Oracle 18c you can configure read-only homes. In this case all the configuration data and log files reside outside the Oracle home. You can deploy it as a software image across multiple servers.Apart from the traditional
ORACLE_HOMEdirectories, the following directories contain files that used to be in
And interesting thing happens if you call the installer kept for internal purposes in
it will start with a different versioning, i.e. as an Oracle 12.2 OUI. The install script
runInstaller is in the
$ORACLE_HOME directory. And it will greet you with Oracle 18c – and not Oracle 12.2.
Yes, the deprecation of Oracle Streams has been announced in the Oracle Database 18.104.22.168 Upgrade Guide a while ago. And Oracle 18c is now the terminal release for Oracle Streams. Beginning with Oracle 19c the feature Oracle Streams won’t be supported anymore. Please note that Oracle Multitenant, regardless of Single- or Multitenant, never implemented Oracle Streams functionality.
Beginning with Oracle 18c Oracle Multimedia is deprecated now. In case you’d like to remove Oracle Multimedia from your database please see this blog post: Remove Oracle Multimedia. In addition, Multimedia DICOM gets desupported with Oracle 18c as well.
Please note (and thanks Felipe for asking):
The Locator will become a top level component once Oracle Multimedia gets removed and therefore not depend on Multimedia anymore. This will happen in the first release of Oracle where Multimedia does not get installed anymore by default or even removed as part of an upgrade.
Deprecated and Desupported Features in Oracle Database 18c
Please find the full list of deprecated features in Oracle Database 18c in the Database 18c Upgrade Guide. Furthermore you’ll find a list of desupported features and parameters in Oracle Database 18c within the same book.